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Poland, Detailed Information and Statistics 

Area: 312,685 sq. km of which land 304,465 sq. km and water 8,220 sq. km.

Latitude and longitude: Poland stretches between 4900’N (Opolonek mount) and 5450’N (Rozewie peninsula), and between 1407’E (Odra river near the town of Cedynia) and 2408’E (Bug river near the town of Strzyzow).

Land boundaries: 2,788 km of which 658 km with the Czech Republic, 526 km with Ukraine, 456 km with Germany, 444 km with Slovakia, 407 km with Belarus, 206 km with Russia’s Kaliningrad enclave, 91 km with Lithuania. Coastline 491 km.

Elevation: lowest -2 m (Raczki Elblaskie), highest 2,499 m (Mount Rysy in the Tatry Mountains).

Natural resources: coal, copper, sulfur, natural gas, silver, lead, salt.

Arable land: 47 percent of which permanent crops 1 percent, permanent pastures 13 percent, forests and woodland 29 percent, other 10 percent. 

 

Poland's Population (2012 est.)

38,415,000 of which male 48.4 percent and female 51.6 percent (106.5 women for every 100 men). Age: 14.7 percent age 0-14, 71.6 percent age 15-64, 13.7 percent age 65 years and more. Population growth: minus 0.075 percent yearly. Birth rate: one birth per 100 inhabitants. Death rate: 1.024 death per 100 inhabitants. Net migration: minus 47 migrants per 100,000 inhabitants. Urban population 61.8 percent, rural 38.2 percent. 

Nationality: Polish 96.7 percent, Silesian 0.45, German 0.4 percent, Belarusian 0.13 percent, Ukrainian 0.08 percent.

Legal aliens as permanent residents: 0.2 percent.

Religion: Roman Catholic 89.8 percent (about 75 percent practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3 percent, Protestant 0.3 percent, other 0.3 percent, unspecified and non-believers 8.3 percent.

Suffrage: universal from age 18.

Infant mortality: 6.42 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Life expectancy at birth: 76.25 years, of which male 72.31 years, female 80.43 years.

Fertility: 131 children per 100 women.

Languages: 97.8 Polish as the native tongue. Literacy: 99.8 percent age 15 and over can read and write.

Krakow's Rynek Glowny grand square

Rynek Glowny central square of Krakow, Poland.

Poland's Government 

President as the head of state, council of ministers chaired by prime minister as the executive branch, bicameral National Assembly (the Sejm with 460 deputies and the senate with 100 senators) as the legislative branch. Judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Tribunal, the Chief Administrative Court, and the local and district courts.

Administrative divisions: 16 provinces (wojewodztwa, singular wojewodztwo) with local governments – Dolnoslaskie, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Lodzkie, Lubelskie, Lubuskie, Malopolskie, Mazowieckie, Opolskie, Podkarpackie, Podlaskie, Pomorskie, Slaskie, Swietokrzyskie, Warminsko-Mazurskie, Wielkopolskie, Zachodniopomorskie. Capital: Warsaw.

National holidays: Constitution Day May 3, Independence Day November 11. Other major holidays: New Year, January 6th, Easter (Sunday and Monday), May 1st, Whit Sunday, Corpus Cristi, August 15th, November 1st, and Christmas (i.e. December 25th and December 26th). 

Defense: annual military expenditures at 1.9 percent of GDP, about 206,000 active troops in Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Force, and Special Forces. 

Morskie Oko lake in the Tatra Mountains, Poland

Morskie Oko lake is a must-see of the Tatry Mountains.

 

Poland's Economy  

Services 63 percent, industry 33.6 percent, agriculture 3.4 percent of GDP.

GDP 1.9 trillion zlotys in 2016. Annual growth rate 2.8 percent in 2016. GDP per capita 15,460 euro (the 2011 estimate, purchasing power parity).

Inflation was 3.8 percent in 2011. 

External debt: 236 billion euro by the end of 2011 (est.) 

Budget in 2011: revenues 74 billion euro, expenditures 84.8 billion euro. Public debt on the end of 2016 was zlotys 0.929 trillion. Proportion of public debt to GDP 50.1 percent in 2016.

Labor force: 17.9 million. Unemployment 5,3 percent in February 2017 according to Eurostat.

Average wage: 3,075 Polish zloties (PLN) per month before tax

Industries: machinery, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles. Industrial production growth rate 7 percent in 2011 (est.)

Agriculture: potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, beef, dairy

Exports: 151.5 billion euro (the 2011 estimate) of which manufactured goods and chemicals 40.8 percent, machinery and equipment 37.8 percent, food 7.6 percent. Germany 26.9 percent, France 7.1 percent, UK 6.4 percent, Italy 6.3 percent, Czech Republic 6.2 percent, Netherlands 4.3 percent

Imports: 167.7 billion euro (2011 estimate) of which manufactured goods and chemicals 38 percent, machinery and equipment 36 percent, mineral fuels and minerals 9 percent, food 8 percent. Germany 29.1 percent, Russia 8.8 percent, Netherlands 6 percent, Italy 5.8 percent, China 5.6 percent, France 4.5 percent. 

See information on Poland's currency

Transport in Poland

Roads 423,997 kilometers of which 765 km expressways. Railways 19,428 km. Waterways 3,997 km. Ports and harbors: Gdansk, Gdynia, Szczecin, Swinoujscie. Airports with paved runways: 86. 

Education in Poland 

Free compulsory education for ages 6-19. Free university education. Literacy: universal among those older than 15 years.  

Poland's Participation in International Organizations

Poland has joined the European Union on May 1, 2004. The country has also been part of the European Union's Schengen Zone of simplified border controls since December 20, 2007. 

Member: Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NATO, NSG, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC

associate: WEU 

observer: ACCT , BSEC, OAS,

guest: NAM, 

International Agreements on Environment 

Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

Signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, ACTA


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