hotels in Krakow

restaurants in Krakow

travel to Krakow

Krakow Info service

Poland, General Information 

information about Krakow in Poland - attractions & entertainment & culture & business & nightlife & transport & shopping & art & music & theater & museums & landmarks & curios & lifestyle & education & festivals & customs & tours & people

Poland
for mobile
devices

HOME


facts


joys
sights
events
musts
hubs


business


food
hotels
travel
buys


tips


Your Krakow
Questions
Answered



Poland's flag
Poland 

The Republic of Poland – Rzeczpospolita Polska in Polish – lies in the very geographical center of Europe between, clockwise from the north, the Baltic Sea, Russia’s Kaliningrad enclave, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany. Its area of 312,677 sq km (120,725 sq miles) and population of 38,6 million makes Poland a sizeable European nation on a par with Spain and the key one in Central-Eastern Europe. It also proves one of the world’s vibrant and open economies. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and is the European Union's member since May 1, 2004. 

 

Visiting Poland 

Poland ranks among the world’s ten most visited countries, with the bulk of visitors coming from the neighboring nations. Their numbers shot up in the early 1990s, from 18 million in 1990 to 70 million in 1994 including day trips for shopping or business, and have remained on rise ever since. Besides Krakow, Poland’s ancient capital, the country’s prime tourist attractions include beach resorts along the Baltic Sea, the vast Mazury lake district to the northeast of Warsaw, the Carpathian and Sudeten mountains, and many historic sites as well as national parks with unspoiled nature. 

Poland’s major cities are the capital Warsaw (1,7 millions); Krakow (760,000), Lodz (750,000); Wroclaw (650,000); Poznan (600,000); Gdansk (500,000); Szczecin (420,000); Bydgoszcz (390,000); Katowice (370,000), Lublin (360,000).

Weather 

Poland's climate blends the moderate conditions of Western Europe with the more severe continental ones of Eastern Europe. Notably winters seem erratic. Average January temperatures are -1C (30.2F) in the west and -5C (23F) in the southern mountains. Average summer temperatures are about 20C (68F) in the southeast and about 17C (63F) on the Baltic coast. Heat above 40C and froze below 30C just happen. Average annual precipitation totals as little as 61 cm (ca 24 in), but it reaches 150 cm in the mountains. Winter precipitation is half the summer rainfall. Gales occur rarely. No cyclones, earthquakes, volcanoes, etc.

Poland's Geography 

Poland stretches between 4900’N (Opolonek mount) and 5450’N (Rozewie peninsula), and between 1407’E (Odra river near the town of Cedynia) and 2408’E (Bug river near the town of Strzyzow).  

The northern two-thirds of Poland is a vast region of plains. Its Central Lowlands are crossed from east to west by a succession of large, shallow valleys. Baltic Heights, dotted with hills and lakes, lie north of them. The narrow Coastal Plain, still further north, runs almost the whole length of the Baltic Sea’s Polish shore. The coastline of 694 km is largely regular save the Pomeranian Bay in the west and the Gulf of Gdansk in the east.

Poland’s southern one-third comprises various upland areas with intervening lowlands and a belt of mountains in the very south and southwest. The Western Carpathian mountains include the alps-like High Tatra Mountains with the country’s highest peaks and the Beskids. The southwest Sudeten Mountains top elevation is just 1602 m. North of the mountains are a zone of foothills, the Silesian Plain, the Little Polish Upland, and the old and low Swietokrzyskie Mountains.

The Vistula (Wisla) and Oder (Odra) rivers are Poland’s biggest by far and traverse it lengthwise from the south to the north. The country boasts some 9300 lakes of one hectare or more, mostly scattered across the Baltic Heights, the Coastal Plain, and the Mazury region, where two lakes, Sniardwy and Mamry, surpass 100 sq km in size. There are also some 120 artificial reservoirs, chiefly in the Baltic Heights and in the southern mountains.

Poland's Wildlife 

Forests take up some 28 percent of Poland’s territory, and they are 80 percent either spruce or pine. Yet one finds in the northeast region such scarce species as dwarf birch and Lapp willow, unique in Europe. Most wildlife looks typical to Europe, but Poland also boasts animals either unique or extremely rare elsewhere–European bison, tarpan wild horse, bear, chamois, lynx, wildcat, wolf, elk, boar, and deer. European bison (zubr) live in the Bialowieza National Park, Europe’s vastest forest, on the border of Belarus. Wolves and brown bear are found in the mountains, while elk and deer are pretty common by the lakes. Grouse, heathcock, and black stork dwell in farmlands, lake marshes, and forests in the north. Lakes, rivers and streams provide habitat to ample fish.


Currency: 1 zloty (PLN) = 100 groszy.
Exchange rates of the major world currencies as of March 2017 - 4.2 zlotys for one euro, 4.0 PLN for one US dollar, 5.0 zlotys for one British pound, and 4.0 zlotycs for one Swiss franc.
Time: CET as Berlin or Vienna, i.e. GMT/UTC plus one hour.
Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz AC
Weights & measures: Metric

Poland's emblem

More data on Poland

National holidays in Poland

Poland's history

Little Poland or Malopolska


Poland's map


Information about Krakow in Poland

 

Krakow Info HOME PAGE

Copyright © 2003-2017 by MAREK STRZALA. All rights reserved.