Krakow's General Data:
Krakow lies in the very center of continental Europe,
i.e. roughly halfway between the westernmost Lisbon in
Portugal and the easternmost Urals, and equidistant from
the Mediterranean and the arctic Barents Sea. The
is Poland’s second largest city and the unquestioned
metropolis of its southern half. The city’s area of
326.8 sq. km (0.1% of
territory) spreads on both banks of the Vistula river,
c. 219 meters above the sea level.
More on Krakow geography
Krakow enjoys a temperate climate with features of both
European marine west coast and more severe continental
conditions of Eastern Europe. "Days are longest in June,
hottest in July, and most beautiful in August” – an old
Polish poem says. On the other hand, Krakow’s perfect
springs fill the city with sweet-smelling blossoms from mid
April through May. While the famed Polish “golden autumns”
bring dry and warm weather amid rich colors of dying leaves
from mid September to mid October or so. And Christmas in
Krakow is positively white.
More on weather in Krakow
Krakow is the capital of the
one of the most prominent provinces among the country’s
16. As in the case of other major Polish cities,
Krakow’s local government is county and commune rolled
into one municipality. The legislative City Council
numbers 43 members, voted in every four years in a
popular ballot by way of proportional representation.
The executive powers lie with Krakow's mayor, called the
president of the city (prezydent miasta), elected
by the citizens for a four-year tenure.
More on Krakow's local government
The high-tech gets high profile by day in Krakow. The
city boasts Poland’s first and third most-visited
internet portals. It can boasts a special economic zone
(Krakow Technological Park, meant for major high-tech
investments) with the Motorola’s European R&D center, 4
enterprise incubators, 3 commercial-fair grounds, 7
higher economics schools.
More on the Krakow economy
In 1000 Krakow got its own bishop, and in 1038 the city became Poland’s capital.
Krakow’s Golden Age came by the end of the 15th century when it was the thriving
metropolis of a vast and prosperous kingdom stretching from the Black Sea to the
on Krakow's history
Culture has always been all-important in Krakow.
More on the culture in Krakow
Poland's currency is zloty (PLN). It is divided into one
hundred smaller units called grosz (abbreviation gr).
More on the money in Krakow
In the past ten years every part of Krakow managed to meet the air-quality
standards. For instance, fine particulate matter stayed within the range between
46% and 78% of the acceptable concentration. And the sulfur dioxide, responsible
for acid rain, stayed in Krakow’s central
Grand Square at half the
level UNESCO allows for its
World Heritage Sites.
on the ecology in Krakow
There is a number of wildlife preserves within the city limits, established
mostly for the protection of endangered flora species. The 21.5 sq. km
Ojcow National Park lies just 24 km northwest of Krakow. Larger
woodlands, the 27,000-acre Puszcza Niepolomicka, stretch some 25 km east from
the city center. The forest bison, zubr, reintroduced to the area in 1936, roam
that remnant of Poland’s primeval forests among its rich fauna. While stray deer
or roe, to say nothing of fox, can be seen occasionally anywhere in Krakow’s
More on wildlife in Krakow
Basic Krakow info for visitors coming to Krakowont>
nation, geography, climate, wildlife, visitors,
How to move about the city.
Travel to Krakow
In the proximity of Krakow
Krakow is Poland's tourist mecca, and also a gateway to
many other must-see sites in the region.
Real estate in Krakow